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GAD

GAD

Priority Programs

GEO-HAZARD, GROUNDWATER ASSESSMENT AND RESPONSIBLE MINING

SECRETARY CIMATU’S MAIN PRIORITY IS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF OUR ENVIRONMENT, PARTICULARLY OUR AIR, WATER AND ADDRESS SOLID WASTE PROBLEMS. THUS, THE DENR WILL BE IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS.

FOR GEO-HAZARD, GROUNDWATER ASSESSMENT AND RESPONSIBLE MINING, OUR PRIORITY ACTIVITIES ARE THE FOLLOWING: (1)REHABILITATION OF ABANDONED MINES; AND 2)  ASSESSMENT OF COASTAL GEO-HAZARDS AND GROUND WATER RESOURCES.

 This program intends to capacitate communities to their adaptation to geologic hazards, as well as provide them critical data on groundwater resources. The program has two (2) components, namely:

1. Geohazard Assessment

The National Geohazard Assessment Program was implemented to generate information on susceptibility of areas to geologic hazards. The assessment is focused on rain-induced landslides, floods, flashfloods, ground subsidence or sinking, and other forms of slope instabilities that are not directly induced by earthquakes or volcanic activities. A 1:50,000 scale geohazards assessment program was completed in 2010 while the detailed geohazard assessment in the 1:10,000 scale was completed in 2014. Thus, the assessment of the 1,634 cities/municipalities of the entire country was already completed.

Complementation activities are carried out with other national government agencies to address other hazards that are also of critical importance in terms of impact. For Y2015 and onwards, the Program will concentrate on the massive campaign to disseminate the digitized geohazards map sheets (at 1:10,000 scale) to 42,029 (NSO 2014) barangays nationwide complemented with massive information and awareness campaigns on geohazards mitigation and reduction. Hand in hand with the intensified IEC effort, updating and re-assessment of the geohazard mapping would be undertaken over municipalities/cities affected by recent or resurgent natural events. This will be particularly important over regions located alongthe Eastern Seaboard of the country which are traditionally prone to these events. To further optimize the usefulness of the geohazards maps, Risk analysis and Vulnerability assessment would be undertaken over highly critical and priority areas of the country. Starting with 35 municipalities/cities in Y2015, the program would cover 200 nationwide in 2016 to provide the necessary technical inputs to LGUs for the updating and modification of the Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUPs), project development and disaster preparedness, management and mitigation programs. These shall integrate climate change impact and establishment of community-based early warning systems.

The sub-surface assessment was also initiated in 2015 to determine subsidence hazards and sinkhole in karst areas. It was done in response to the 7.2 intensity earthquake that hit Bohol in 2013. Fifteen (15) cities/municipalities in the provinces of Bohol, Cebu, Iloilo, Benguet and Davao del Norte have been prioritized in 2015. Another 15 cities/municipalities is targeted annually starting 2016 and beyond.

Coastal geohazard assessment on areas which are highly and critically prone to erosion and accretion of the country starts Y2015 with 166 coastal cities/municipalities. Universe of 844 coastal cities/municipalities are expected to be completed by Y2019. Inputs on these are relevant on the concerns relating to shoreline shift and relative sea level changes due to impact of climate change.

2. Groundwater Resource Assessment

The National Groundwater Resources and Vulnerability Assessment is conducted to determine the availability of groundwater resources and the threats to contamination and depletion.

It covers two main aspects: the resource assessment component, and the vulnerability component. Areas that are periodically affected by water shortages and those whose water supplies that are under constant threat of depletion and water quality deterioration shall be prioritized. It shall cover a regional assessment (per province for Y2016-2019) and a local assessment  (per municipality levels for Y2019 onwards). In terms of the regional scale, the program shall generate a 1:250,000 scale hydrogeologic and groundwater availability maps and update the existing ones. Field surveys and mapping on the city/municipal scale shall be carried out on a 1:50,000 scale or better depending on the needs of particular sites or areas. This will integrate climate change impacts in some critical areas that will be identified during the assessment such as changes in sea level which might affect groundwater resources in the coastal areas and effect of the reduction in the recharge of the groundwater due to drought. Particular emphasis will also be placed on characterizing the vulnerability of the groundwater resource to human impact on the environment such as over-extraction, pollution from industries and deterioration of viable aquifers or reservoirs due to land degradation and surface development.

 

This ensures the implementation of responsible mining practices in the minerals industry. It involves the monitoring of mining permits/contracts to determine their compliance with the Safety and Health, Environment and Social (SHES) provisions of the Mining Act of 1995, as well as the approved exploration/development/construction/operating work programs. The audit of the SHES and work program monitoring system is also a component of this strategy. To further ensure the compliance of mining permits/contracts, the operationalization of Multipartite Monitoring Teams is also undertaken. Illegal mining activities are addressed thru the issuance of cease and desist orders, and the consequent filing of charges in the Provincial/City Prosecutor’s Office. Lastly, complaints/cases/conflicts are likewise addressed. 

 

To know more about GEO-HAZARD, GROUNDWATER ASSESSMENT AND RESPONSIBLE MINING  program, click here  

ENHANCED NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM 

SECRETARY CIMATU’S MAIN PRIORITY IS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF OUR ENVIRONMENT, PARTICULARLY OUR AIR, WATER AND ADDRESS SOLID WASTE PROBLEMS. THUS, THE DENR WILL BE IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS.

FOR ENHANCED NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM (E-NGP), OUR PRIORITY ACTIVITIES ARE THE FOLLOWING: (1) REHABILITATION OF 1.2 M HECTARES OF DENUDED FOREST LANDS BY 2022; AND 2)  MAINTENANCE AND PROTECTION OF EXISTING FORESTS.

The National Greening Program or the NGP as the DENR banner program is a convergence initiative of DA-DAR-DENR where the DENR stands as the lead agency. As a government priority pursuant to EO Nos. 23 and 26, both series of 2011, the NGP aims to: 1) contribute in reducing poverty among upland and lowland poor households, indigenous peoples, and in coastal and urban areas; 2) implement sustainable management of natural resources through resource conservation, protection, and productivity enhancement; 3) provide food, goods and services such as timber, fiber, non-timber forest products, aesthetic values, air enhancement values, water regulation values, and mitigate climate change by expanding forest cover that serve as carbon sink; 4) promote public awareness as well as instill social and environmental consciousness on the value of forests and watersheds; 5) enhance the formation of positive values among the youth and other partners through shared responsibilities in sustainable management of tree plantations and forest resources, and 6) consolidate and harmonize all greening efforts of the government, civil society, and the private sector.

Executive Order No. 26, series of 2011 was issued to plant 1.5 billion trees in 1.5 million hectares of lands of the public domain for a period of six (6) years from CY 2011 to CY 2028.

Executive Order No. 193 was signed on November 12, 2015, the Expanded NGP will rehabilitate all the remaining unproductive, denuded and degraded forestlands estimated at 7.1 million hectares from 2016 to 2028.

To know more about Enhanced National Greening  program, click here  

INTENSIFIED ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: CLEAN AIR

SECRETARY CIMATU’S MAIN PRIORITY IS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF OUR ENVIRONMENT, PARTICULARLY OUR AIR, WATER AND ADDRESS SOLID WASTE PROBLEMS. THUS, THE DENR WILL BE IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS.

FOR CLEAN AIR, OUR PRIORITY ACTIVITIES ARE THE FOLLOWING: (1) MONITORING OF THE COMPLIANCE OF FIRMS/INDUSTRIES; (2) OPERATIONALIZATION OF AIRSHED GOVERNING BOARDS; and (3)  CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE OF AIR QUALITY MONITORING STATIONS.

The program covers the full implementation of Clean Air Act. The objective of the Clean Air Program is to come up with a comprehensive national program to achieve and maintain air quality that meets the National Air Quality Guidelines for Criteria Pollutants throughout the Philippines, while minimizing the possible associated negative impacts on the country’s economy. Thus, in order to effectively monitor and regulate all sources of air emissions, the Clean Air Program is divided into three sub programs: (1) Motor Vehicle Emission Management Program, (2) Industrial Emission Management Program, (3) Roadside ambient and general ambient air monitoring. This is to effectively manage the three sources of air emission namely mobile, stationary, and area sources.

The monitoring of roadside and general ambient air quality is an essential activity by the agency. This enables agencies and local government officers to assess the air quality in their area of jurisdiction and formulate a comprehensive policy / regulation for the betterment of their locality. As the monitoring stations are spread in Metro Manila and other highly urbanized cities, this gives better representation of the air quality nationwide. To deliver real time science based air quality monitoring data available to everyone, the installation of Real Time Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations capable of monitoring complete criteria pollutants (SO2, NO2, O3, CO, BTX, and PM10/2.5) and meteorological parameters are being implemented By making the results available on the website, anybody can see the status of air quality in their location and elsewhere. The website is also equipped with layman description relating to the concentration of air pollutant which enables non-scientific person to appreciate the information and apply it to their everyday lives. Partnership with host institutions/agencies will be encouraged for the maintenance and security of the equipment. Full operationalization of airshed nationwide and implementation of its action plan will be undertaken.

To know more about Clean Air program, click here  

INTENSIFIED FOREST PROTECTION AND ANTI-ILLEGAL LOGGING

PRIORITY ACTIVITIES ARE THE FOLLOWING: (1) NEUTRALIZE ILLEGAL LOGGING HOTSPOTS; (2) FOREST FIRE PREVENTION; AND (3) CONTINUOUS FOREST PATROLLING THRU LAWIN SYSTEM

To know more about Intensified Forest Protection and Anti-Illegal Logging program, click here  

MANILA BAY CLEAN UP PROGRAM

 

It aims to restore the water quality of Manila Bay in accordance with the Writ of Continuing Mandamus of the Supreme Court.

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PRIORITY ACTIVITY IS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF OPERATIONAL PLAN FOR THE MANILA BAY COASTAL STRATEGY 2017-2022

On January 27, 2019, DENR Secretary Roy A. Cimatu officially declared the start of the Manila Rehabilitation at the Baywalk in Manila.  On hand to witness the declaration, and also joined in the earlier event of Solidarity Walk  from the Quirino Grandstand to the staging area (Baywalk), were about 5,000 individuals, mostly representing the 13 Mandamus agencies, local government units, and private sector.

Calling it the “Battle for Manila Bay,” Cimatu, a former Armed Forces chief, said:  “This is one battle that will be won not with force or arms, but with the firm resolve to bring Manila Bay back to life.” 

He added:  “With the commitment and determination of every Filipino to do his share in this rehabilitation effort, we have already won the battle for Manila Bay.”

MANILA BAY REHABILITATION 

 Phase 1- Cleanup/Water Quality Improvement

  • Cleanup of designated esteros and waterways;
  • Reduce fecal coliform level and toxic discharges from houses and establishments by causing connection to existing STPs and requiring STPs for gov’t, commercial, industrial, and educational establishments;
  • Inspect and repair leaks in old sewer lines;
  • Provide temporary sanitation facilities to informal settlers residing along esteros and shorelines pending relocation;
  • Implement solid waste management; and
  • Start planning for the relocation of informal settlers

Phase 2 – Rehabilitation and Resettlement

  • Rehabilitation of old sewer lines in NCR
    • Relocation of informal settlers
    • Ensure completion of 340 MLD of Maynilad and Manila Water by 2022

Phase 3 – Education and Sustainment

  • Continuing education of citizens to protect the gains
  • Sustained law enforcement and monitoring
  • Fast tracking/ Earlier completion of the sewerage system in Metro Manila from 2037 to 2026

The Manila Bay Area:

  1. The Manila Bay area covers eight (8) provinces and 178 local government units in three regions of the country, namely: National Capital Region (NCR), Region III, and Region IV-A.  Of the eight provinces, four are coastal (Bataan, Bulacan, Cavite and Pampanga); four are non-coastal (Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Rizal and Tarlac).
  2. Its drainage area covers 1,994 km2, or 199,400 hectares.
  3. Its coastline measures some 190 kilometers.
  4. There are 17 principal river systems draining to Manila Bay, namely:
  • Angat River
  • Bocaue River
  • Maria River
  • Marilao River
  • Meycauayan
  • Meycauayan-Valenzuela River
  • Pasig River
  • Parañaque River
  • Imus River
  • Ylang-ylang River
  • Rio Grande
  • Cañas River
  • Obando River
  • Navotas-Malabon-Tinajeros-Tullahan River
  • Talisay River
  • Guagua River
  • Pampanga River

SC Mandamus on Manila Bay

  1. On Dec. 18, 2016, the Supreme Court issued SC Mandamus on Manila Bay (G.R. 171947-48) directing 13 government agencies to clean up, rehabilitate, and preserve Manila Bay, and restore and maintain its waters to SB level to make them fit for swimming, skin-diving, and other forms of contact recreation.
  1. DENR Administrative Order No. 34 of 1990 defines coastal and marines waters under Class SB classification as areas regularly used by the public for bathing, swimming and skin diving, etc., and as spawning areas for Chanos chanos or bangus abd similar species.
  2. The 13 Mandamus agencies are as follows: 
  • DENR
  • DILG
  • DepEd
  • DOH
  • DA
  • DPWH
  • DBM
  • Philippine Coast Guard (PCG)
  • Philippine National Police-Maritime Group (PNP-MG)
  • Philippine Ports Authority (PPA)
  • Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA)
  • Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS)
  • Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA)
  1. For the DENR, the SC ordered the agency to:
  • Fully implement its Operational Plan for the Manila Bay Coastal Strategy (OPMBCS) that are within its mandate pursuant to Executive Order No. 192, s. 1987;
  • Regularly coordinate with mandamus agencies and other concerned agencies involved in management of Manila Bay on effective implementation of OPMBCS;
  • Pursuant to Sec. 19 of RA 9275, manage water quality of Manila Bay thru standards setting, regular monitoring and determination of Water Quality Management Areas (WQMA).
  1. The Mandamus likewise orders the dismantling and removal of illegal structures along the following waterways:
  • Pasig-Marikina-San Juan Rivers
  • NCR (Paranaque-Zapote, Las Pinas) Rivers 
  • Navotas-Malabon-Tullahan-Tinajeros and connecting waterways and esteros in Metro Manila
  • Rivers in Bulacan, Bataan, Cavite and Laguna de Bay   and other rivers connecting waterways and esteros that discharge wastewater into the Manila Bay
  1. Other facts and figures about Manila Bay
  • Only 15% (2.4M/16.3M) of the water-served population in the NCR are connected to a sewerage system and about 3.84% (187,000/4,863,938) of water served population outside the NCR are provided with sanitation services;
  • Almost 233,000 informal settler families (ISFs) are residing along the waterways of the Manila Bay area, directly discharging their wastes to the water;
  • Only about 76% (135/178) of LGUs have approved 10-Year Solid Waste Management Plans

 

To know more about Manila Bay Clean Up program, click here