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Region 2 or the Cagayan Valley region is strategically located on the northeastern part of mainland Luzon.

It is bounded by three mountain ranges: the Sierra Madre Mountains on the East, the Cordillera Mountains on the West, and the Caraballo Mountains on the South.

The region consists of five provinces: the valley provinces of Cagayan and Isabela, the mountain provinces of Quirino and Nueva Vizcaya, and the island province of Batanes; with 89 municipalities, four cities and 2,311 barangays. It has 10 congressional districts.

Cagayan Valley has a total land area of over 2.6 million hectares which consists of more than 900 thousand hectares of alienable and disposable land and over 1.7 hectares of forest land with a forest cover of more than 1 million hectares, the largest forest cover in the Philippines.

Rich in coastal resources, Region 2 has a total of 5,640 hectares of mangrove, 15,437 hectares corals and 4,089 hectares of seagrasses.

It is the fourth largest region of the country accounting for about nine percent of the national land area.

It has 14 nationally proclaimed protected areas covering 997,466 hectares: Batanes Protected Landscape and Seascape; PeƱablanca Protected Landscape and Seascape, Magapit Protected Landscape, Palaui Island Protected Landscape and Seascape, Baua Watershed Forest Reserve and Wangag Watershed Forest Reserve in Cagayan; Tumauini Watershed Natural Park, Fuyot Spring National Park and Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park in Isabela; Salinas Natural Monument, Dupax Watershed Forest Reserve, Casecnan Protected Landscape and Bangan Hill National Park in Nueva Vizcaya; and Quirino Protected Landscape.

The Valley is dissected by the Cagayan River, the longest river and largest basin in the country. It has a total stretch of about 520 kilometers from its source in Kasibu, Nueva Vizcaya down to its mouth in Aparri, Cagayan. It has a drainage area of almost 2.8 million hectares that extends to the Cordillera Administrative Region.

Based on the 2015 census, Region 2 has a population of 3.4 million or about 3.4 percent of the total population of the country.


To view the detailed Region 2 ENR Statistical Profile for CY 2022, please visit this link